Department of Radiology
The Department of Radiology & Imaging Sciences at AIOR features some of the most advanced diagnostic and therapeutic modalities available today. The highly trained and experienced medical professionals and therapists are committed to provide the best possible diagnostic care to the patients. The radiological facilities are equipped with high end, latest generation machines with cutting edge technology. The comprehensive treatment through these high-classequipment’s combined with highly qualified team of radiologists, skilled technicians, nurses and supporting staff provide exceptional patient care with quality and affordability.
The aim of the department is to reach a definitive diagnosis in every patient through judicious utilization of modern imaging techniques & equipment. The department of radiology & imaging sciences is a highly patient-oriented department. It is a vigorous, dynamic field that has seen dramatic growth over the past two decades and is expected to grow even more in the near future.
The Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences has state-of-the-art equipment which offers accurate diagnosis of any medical condition and helps the doctor and patient to decide the treatment path. The high-end technology of the department helps the doctors to interpret the medical condition accurately and provide the best diagnosis to the patient. The various services offered are:
- 2 tesla MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
- 32 slice CT Scanner
- PET scan
- PACS system
- 500ma X-ray with IITV
- Color Doppler
- Computed Radiography (CR) System
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
The Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) represents a continuous revolution in medical imaging. Our Tesla 3 state-of-the-art MRI system from GE, USA is capable of imaging virtually the whole human body. The major strength of MRI includes - Soft-Tissue Contrast, Multilane capabilities, Non-invasive technique, lack of ionizing radiation and being very safe with no known harmful effects. It has already established itself as primary imaging modality with proven diagnostic superiority in the evaluation of brain and spine. The most common indications being established the evaluation of the musculoskeletal system and pelvic pathology. Additional applications present with our system are:
- MR Angiography with 3D Imaging
- MR Cholangiopancreatography
- MR Urography
Advanced applications like diffuse & perfusion imaging of stroke, tractography, volumetric spectroscopy is possible only on this Highfields 3T system available with us.
CT Scanning (Green CT Scanning with lowest Radiation Dose) :
The 32 slice CT scanner of the hospital is an advanced 32 Slice CT(Optima 660) system from GE, USA. The machine provides excellent quality pictures in low radiation doses. Highly qualified radiologists ensure that the scanning process has been correctly performed and interpreted in order to gather maximum possible information from the study. It is capable to perform all non-invasive angiography (With the advanced post-processing the workstation) like:
- Cardiac Angiography
- Renal Angiography
- Vascular Angiography
Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is an advanced, noninvasive, painless “state-of-the-art” molecular Imaging technology which is combination of two state of the art technology, PET and a High Resolution Multislice CT. PET acquire functional images of the body and CT acquire high resolution structural images, which are then co registered to detect disease at cellular level. Because PET CT detects disease at cellular level, it is able to detect diseases much before the patient experienced symptoms and signs of the disease. PET CT scanner affords unparalleled diagnostic capabilities, particularly in the fields of oncology, cardiology and neurology. PET CT can give all the information required for staging and management of diseases in a single test, rather than undergoing separate examination. Hence, it increases patient comfort and convenience by reducing the number of scanning sessions a patient must undergo and makes the PET CT very cost effective.
PET scan is done after injecting small doses of radioactive tracer into the body. Commonly used radioactive tracer FDG (fluorodeoxyglucose) is like glucose which is taken up by all body cells and more by abnormal cancer cells. The camera acquires 3 D images of the whole body and the cancer cells are seen more brightly as compared to normal cells.
After the initial diagnosis of cancer, PET CT scan is usually done for localizing the cancer and its spread in the body, assessing effectiveness of chemotherapy and checking for recurrence of cancer. PET CT is also useful to localize the site of primary tumor in cases where cancer has already spread in the body and the primary site of origin of the cancer is not known. PET CT scan is also useful in detection of the cause of pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) and paraneoplastic syndrome and viable hibernating myocardium before undergoing major cardiac surgeries. Ga-68 DOTANOC PET/CT scan is done for staging of neuroendocrine tumors.
F-18 PSMA (Prostate-specific membrane antigen) is another tracer which is highly specific for prostate cells and routinely done to scan prostate cancer patient. The same PSMA tracer labeled with different radio nuclide is also used to treat prostate cancer patient
F-18 DOPA is another highly specific PET tracer used to scan patients of suspected Parkinson’s disease.
At AIOR, a high resolution 3-dimensional contrast enhanced CT scan is obtained in most cases and where necessary CT angiography is also performed in the same sitting. Acquiring 0.625 mm thick slices in all planes, using a volume acquisition on a 32 slice/second MDCT, obviates the need for a separate CT scan examination and makes the PET CT very cost-effective imaging modality.
The Radiology department installed a PACS from GE in 2015, and has become a completely filmless department since then. the system was installed under the leadership of Dr. Ashish Singh, who was head of Radiology at the time. PACS has helped streamline the department workflow and handle the progressive increase in workload over the last few years.
Early detection of breast cancer decreases the need for surgery and has a very high cure rate. Routine mammography may detect cancer before it grows to a palpable size. The radiology department is equipped with a senograph800 T age machine. This machine provides excellent pictures with minimum x-ray exposure, giving a much-reduced radiation dose to the patient.
The ultrasound suite is equipped with two machines. These machines have special probes to examine prostate, testis, breasts, thyroid, etc. apart from the routine abdomen 4d ultrasound.
Color Doppler :
The color doppler machines are high-end machines with elastography. This is state of the art ultrasound equipment which gives colored pictures of arterial and venous blood to diagnose diseases or obstructions in the blood flow more effectively.